‘Natural Security’ Complements National Security

Text by Dr. Bibhab Kumar Talukdar


It is not necessary to always sacrifice ecosystem services for economic growth if we really understand the true meaning of sustainable development.

Photo: Udayan Borthakur

Loktak lake in Manipur provides an unique ecosystem with phumdis floating over it and represents a complex human environment relationship.


The convention on biodiversity where in many countries, including India, put their consent to work in tandem to conserve the remaining biodiversity of the world is being felt by common people as of utmost necessity to enable human race survive on this planet. At least 40 per cent of the world’s economy and 80 per cent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources. As such, conservation of nature, should be part of vocal voice of local people as, we need to grow economically, importance of conservation of nature and its resources is central and can’t be ignored anymore.

Each species has a value and a right to exist irrespective of whether human beings recognise this reality or not. Healthy and natural ecosystems provide us potable water to drink, clean oxygen to inhale and maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients, provide us with food, provide raw materials and resources for medicines and other purposes. These “ecosystem services” are indeed our natural as well as national capital to grow as human and also as a country. It is not necessary to always sacrifice ecosystem services for economic growth if we really understand the true meaning of sustainable development.


Photo: Udayan Borthakur

A fruit bat or flying fox, a pollinator and a free agricultural worker

Food is an important survival component of life of all species. One third of all our food—fruits and vegetables—would not exist without pollinators such as bees and bats. Conservation of bats and bees are hence vital as crucial free agricultural workers as bats and bees doesn’t charge humans with monthly invoice for payment for the task they do for sustaining biodiversity. There are over one lakh plants species, for example, for which bees are essential for pollination. Ecological roles of bats include pollinating and dispersing seeds of hundreds of plants species. It is time to recognise their values to human wellbeing before they are gone because of our ignorance and our inability to recognise their crucial role in our day to day survival. In the wake of recent COVID19 pandemic, there are lots of mis-information being aired on Bats projecting Bats as villain for spread of COVID19 which is not true. Bat does have super immunity to many viruses and as